WHAT YOU SEE IS NOT ALWAYS WHAT YOU GET
In my clinical experience, one of the biggest impediments to pain recovery is MRI, CT, or other imaging “evidence” of a structural problem. Patients often come to me utterly convinced that they are doomed to a lifetime of pain because of something that a doctor has seen in an imaging study. This is truly unfortunate because a large body of scientific research suggests that there is not a clear cause and effect relationship between conditions visible on MRI and other imaging (such as disc degeneration, disc bulge, disc protrusion, meniscal tear, osteoarthritis, and other conditions) and pain.
The fact of the matter is that MOST people (even people who are completely free of pain) show some evidence of “structural abnormality” if they are subjected to imaging tests. See the image below for a summary of recent scientific evidence to support this fact.
Image idea credit Lee Higginbotham.
Citations from the image above:
- Nakashima et al.
- Brinjikji et al.
- Culvenor et al
- Symeonidis et al
- O’Neil et al.
- Frank et al.
- Girish et al.
People seem to be particularly prone to getting stuck on the notion that an “abnormal MRI” explains their back pain. But a recent systematic literature review of 33 scientific studies confirms that a large percentage of people have “abnormal” findings on MRI of the spine but no pain. Data from this study is summarized in the table below.
Degenerative Spine Image Findings in Individuals with NO PAIN
|Disc signal loss||17%||33%||54%||73%||86%||94%||97%|
|Disc height loss||24%||34%||45%||56%||67%||76%||84%|